The following analyst(s), economist(s), or strategist(s) who is(are) primarily responsible for this report, including any analyst(s) whose name(s) appear(s) as author of an individual section or sections of the report and any analyst(s) named as the covering analyst(s) of a subsidiary company in a sum-of-the-parts valuation certifies(y) that the opinion(s) on the subject security(ies) or issuer(s), any views or forecasts expressed in the section(s) of which such individual(s) is(are) named as author(s), and any other views or forecasts expressed herein, including any views expressed on the back page of the research report, accurately reflect their personal view(s) and that no part of their compensation was, is or will be directly or indirectly related to the specific recommendation(s) or views contained in this research report: Janet Henry
Fixed income: Basis for financial analysis
This report is designed for, and should only be utilised by, institutional investors. Furthermore, HSBC believes an investor's decision to make an investment should depend on individual circumstances such as the investor's existing holdings and other considerations.
HSBC believes that investors utilise various disciplines and investment horizons when making investment decisions, which depend largely on individual circumstances such as the investor's existing holdings, risk tolerance and other considerations. Given these differences, HSBC has three principal aims in its fixed income research: 1) to identify long-term investment opportunities based on particular themes or ideas that may affect the future earnings or cash flows of companies in corporate credit and based on country-specific ideas or themes that may affect the performance of these bonds in the case of covered bonds, in both cases on a six-month time horizon; 2) to identify trade ideas on a time horizon of up to three months, relating to specific instruments and segments of the yield curve, which are predominantly derived from relative value considerations or driven by events and which may differ from our long-term credit opinion on an issuer. Buy or Sell refer to a trade call to buy or sell that given instrument; 3) to express views on the likely future performance of sectors, benchmark indices or markets in our fixed income strategy products.
HSBC has assigned a fundamental recommendation structure, as described below, only for its long-term investment opportunities. HSBC believes an investor's decision to buy or sell a bond should depend on individual circumstances such as the investor's existing holdings and other considerations. Different securities firms use a variety of terms as well as different systems to describe their recommendations. Investors should carefully read the definitions of the recommendations used in each research report. In addition, because research reports contain more complete information concerning the analysts' views, investors should carefully read the entire research report and should not infer its contents from the recommendation. In any case, recommendations should not be used or relied on in isolation as investment advice.
HSBC Global Research is not and does not hold itself out to be a Credit Rating Agency as defined under the Hong Kong Securities and Futures Ordinance.
Definitions for fundamental credit and covered bond recommendations from 22 April 2016
Overweight: For corporate credit, the issuer’s fundamental credit profile is expected to improve over the next six months. For covered bonds, the bonds issued in this country are expected to outperform those of the other countries in our coverage over the next six months.
Neutral: For corporate credit, the issuer’s fundamental credit profile is expected to remain stable over the next six months. For covered bonds, the bonds issued in this country are expected to perform in line with those of the other countries in our coverage over the next six months.
Underweight: For corporate credit, the issuer’s fundamental credit profile is expected to deteriorate over the next six months.
For covered bonds, the bonds issued in this country are expected to underperform those of other countries in our coverage over the next six months.
Prior to this date, fundamental recommendations for corporate credit were applied on the following basis:
Overweight: The credits of the issuer were expected to outperform those of other issuers in the sector over the next six months.
Neutral: The credits of the issuer were expected to perform in line with those of other issuers in the sector over the next six months.
Underweight: The credits of the issuer were expected to underperform those of other issuers in the sector over the next six months.
Distribution of fundamental credit and covered bond recommendations
As of 08 September 2019, the distribution of all independent fundamental credit recommendations published by HSBC is as follows:
All Covered issuers Issuers to whom HSBC has provided Investment Banking in the past 12 months
Count Percentage Count Percentage
Overweight 128 23 80 63
Neutral 274 51 135 49
Underweight 139 25 58 42
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1. This report is dated as at 10 September 2019.
2. All market data included in this report are dated as at close 06 September 2019, unless a different date and/or a specific time of day is indicated in the report.
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Production & distribution disclosures
1. This report was produced and signed off by the author on 09 Sep 2019 12:54 GMT.
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